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Birds in the Algarve - arranged by scientific names

Many keen birders visit the Algarve region of Portugal because it is on a major migration route, but even away from the Sagres area (a hotspot for observing passage migrants) there are many other good sites for bird watching and plenty of resident seabirds, garden birds and countryside birds (including birds of prey) to make a visit worthwhile.

More on accompanied birdwatching walks..

Pictures in this gallery are copyright Ray Tipper - Licence enquiry...

For more details of the best birding sites, see our Nature Reserves/Parks and Wildlife Walks section; however, it's worth mentioning here that the saltpans at Parque Natural de Rio Formosa, the cork oak forests in the serra (hills), and the coastal cliffs (where many seabirds nest) are well worth visiting. In towns look out for White Stork nesting on chimneys; on golf courses keep an eye open for the lovely Hoopoe; and in farmland where almond trees grow there's a very good chance of seeing Bee-eaters, which often rest on telephone wires and high fences; this makes them easy to spot but tricky to photograph against a bright sky.

The table below, sorted alphabetically by scientific names, lists a small selection of the birds reported from the Algarve. Some are common; others infrequent and a few rarely seen. For excellent pictures and detailed information of when and where these birds are most likely to be seen, it's well worth getting a copy of Algarve Wildlife, the natural year, a beautifully illustrated book by Clive Viney and Ray Tipper, two expert birders who live in the Algarve and have been studying bird life there for many years.

Sort Table by...

Goshawk Açor Accipiter gentilis
Sparrowhawk, Eurasian Gavião Accipiter nisus
Warbler, Great Reed Rouxinol-grande-dos-caniços Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Warbler, Sedge Felosa-dos-juncos Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Warbler, Reed Rouxinol-dos-caniços Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Sandpiper, Common Maçarico-das-rochas Actitis hypoleucos
Tit, Long-tailed Chapim-rabilongo Aegithalos caudatus
Skylark Laverca Alauda arvensis
Razorbill Torda-mergulheira Alca torda
Kingfisher, Common Guarda-rios Alcedo atthis
Partridge, Red-legged Perdiz-comum Alectoris rufa
Pintail Arrábio Anas acuta
Teal, Eurasian Marrequinha-comum Anas crecca
Wigeon, Eurasian Piadeira Anas penelope
Mallard Pato-real Anas platyrhynchos
Goose, Greylag Ganso-bravo Anser anser
Pipit, Tawny Petinha-dos-campos Anthus campestris
Pipit, Rock Pethina marítima Anthus petrosus
Pipit, Meadow Petinha-dos-prados Anthus pratensis
Pipit, Richard’s Petinha de Richard Anthus richardi
Pipit, Water Petinha-ribeirinha Anthus spinoletta
Pipit, Tree Petinha-das-árvores Anthus trivialis
Swift, Common Andorinhão-preto Apus apus
Swift, Alpine Andorinhão-real Apus melba
Swift, Pallid Andorinhão-pálido Apus pallidus
Eagle, Spanish Imperial Águia-imperial Aquila adalberti
Eagle, Golden Águia-real Aquila chrysaetos
Eagle, Bonelli’s Águia perdligueira Aquila fasciata
Egret, Great White Garça-branca-grande Ardea alba
Heron, Grey Garça-real Ardea cinerea
Heron, Purple Garça-vermelha Ardea purpurea
Turnstone Rola-do-mar Arenaria interpres
Owl, Short-eared Coruja-do-nabal Asio flammeus
Owl, Little Mocho-galego Athene noctua
Pochard, Common Zarro Aythya ferina
Duck, Tufted Negrinha Aythya fuligula
Duck, Ferruginous Pêrra Aythya nyroca
Owl, Eagle Bufo-real Bubo bubo
Egret, Cattle Carraceiro Bubulcus ibis
Stone-curlew Alcaravão Burhinus oedicnemus
Buzzard, Common Águia-d’asa-redonda Buteo buteo
Lark, Greater Short-toed Calhandrinha-comum Calandrella brachydactyla
Lark, Lesser Short-toed Calhandrinha-das-marismas Calandrella rufescens
Sanderling Pilrito-das-praias Calidris alba
Dunlin Pilrito-de-peito-preto Calidris alpina
Knot, Red Seixoeira Calidris canutus
Sandpiper, Curlew Pilrito-de-bico-comprido Calidris ferruginea
Stint, Little Pilrito-pequeno Calidris minuta
Ruff Combatente Calidris pugnax
Stint, Temminck’s Pilrito de Temminck Calidris temminckii
Shearwater, Cory’s Cagarra Calonectris borealis
Nightjar, Red-necked Noitibó-de-nuca-vermelha Caprimulgus ruficollis
Goldfinch Pintassilgo Carduelis carduelis
Swallow, Red-rumped Andorinha-dáurica Cecropis daurica
Scrub Robin, Rufous-tailed Solitário Cercotrichas galactotes
Treecreeper, Short-toed Trepadeira Certhia brachydactyla
Warbler, Cetti’s Rouxinol-bravo Cettia cetti
Plover, Kentish Borrelho-de-coleira-interrompida Charadrius alexandrinus
Plover, Little Ringed Borrelho-pequeno-de-coleira Charadrius dubius
Plover, Ringed Borrelho-grande-de-coleira Charadrius hiaticula
Dotterel Borrelho-ruivo Charadrius morinellus
Tern, Whiskered Gaivina-dos-pauis Chlidonias hybrida
Tern, Black Gaivina-preta Chlidonias niger
Greenfinch Verdilhão Chloris chloris
Gull, Slender-billed Gaivota-de-bico-fino Chroicocephalus genei
Gull, Black-headed Guincho-comum Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Stork, White Cegonha-branca Ciconia ciconia
Stork, Black Cegonha-preta Ciconia nigra
Eagle, Short-toed Águia-cobreira Circaetus gallicus
Harrier, Marsh Águia-sepeira Circus aeruginosus
Harrier, Hen Tartaranhão-cinzento Circus cyaneus
Harrier, Montagu’s Águia caçadeira Circus pygargus
Cisticola, Zitting Fuinha-dos-juncos Cisticola juncidis
Cuckoo, Great Spotted Cuco-rabilongo Clamator glandarius
Jackdaw, Western
Gralha-de-nuca-cinzenta Coleus monedula
Dove, Rock Pombo-das-rochas Columba livia
Dove, Stock Seixa Columba oenas
Pigeon, Wood Pombo-torcaz Columba palumbus
Raven, Common Corvo Corvus corax
Crow, Carrion Gralha-preta Corvus corone
Quail, Common Codorniz Coturnix coturnix
Cuckoo, Common Cuco Cuculus canorus
Whitethroat, Common Papa-amoras Curruca communis
Warbler, Spectacled Toutinegra-tomilheira Curruca conspicillata
Warbler, Western Orphean Toutinegra-real Curruca hortensis
Warbler, Western Subalpine Toutinegra-de-bigodes Curruca iberiae
Warbler, Sardinian Toutinegra-dos-valados Curruca melanocephalus
Warbler, Dartford Toutinegra-do-mato Curruca undata
Tit, Blue Chapim-azul Cyanistes caeruleus
Magpie, Azure-winged Charneco Cyanopica cooki
Martin, House Andorinha-dos-beirais Delichon urbicum
Woodpecker, Great Spotted Pica-pau-malhado Dendrocopos major
Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Pica-pau-galego Dendrocopos minor
Egret, Little Garça-branca-pequena Egretta garzetta
Kite, Black-winged Peneireiro-cinzento Elanus caeruleus
Bunting, Corn Trigueirão Emberiza calandra
Bunting, Rock Cia Emberiza cia
Bunting, Cirl Escrevedeira-de-garganta-preta Emberiza cirlus
Bunting, Ortolan Sombria Emberiza hortulana
Bunting, Reed Escrevedeira-dos-cani├žos Emberiza schoeniclus
Robin, European Pisco-de-peito-ruivo Erithacus rubecula
Waxbill, Common Bico-de-lacre Estrilda astrild
Merlin Esmerilhão Falco columbarius
Falcon, Peregrine Falcão-peregrino Falco peregrinus
Hobby Ógea Falco subbuteo
Kestrel, Common Peneireiro Falco tinnunculus
Flycatcher, Pied Papa-moscas-preto Ficedula hypoleuca
Puffin Papagaio-do-mar Fratercula arctica
Chaffinch, Common Tentilhão-comum Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Tentilhão-montês Fringilla montifringilla
Coot, Common Galeirão Fulica atra
Lark, Crested Cotovia-de-poupa Galerida cristata
Lark, Thekla Cotovia-escura Galerida theklae
Snipe, Common Narceja-comum Gallinago gallinago
Moorhen Galinha-d'água Gallinula chloropus
Jay, Eurasian Gaio Garrulus glandarius
Tern, Gull-billed Tagaz Gelochelidon nilotica
Pratincole, Collared Perdiz-do-mar Glareola pratincola
Vulture, Griffon Grifo Gyps fulvus
Vulture, Griffon, Rüppell's Grifo-pedres Gyps rueppellii
Oystercatcher Ostraceiro Haematopus ostralegus
Eagle, Booted Águia-calçada Hieraaeteus pennatus
Stilt, Black-winged Pernilongo Himantopus himantopus
Warbler, Melodious Felosa-poliglota Hippolais polyglotta
Swallow, Barn Andorinha-das-chaminés Hirundo rustica
Storm-petrel, European Alma-de-mestre Hydrobates pelagicus
Tern, Caspian Garajau-grande Hydroprogne caspia
Gull, Mediterranean Gaivota-de-cabeça-preta Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Gull, Audouin’s Gaivota de Audouin Ichthyaetus audouinii
Warbler, Western Olivaceous Felosa-pálida Iduna opaca
Bittern, Little Garçote Ixobrychus minutus
Wryneck Torcicolo Jynx torquilla
Shrike, Iberian Grey Picanço-real Lanius meridionalis
Shrike, Woodchat Picanço-barreteiro Lanius senator
Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gaivota-d'asa-escura Larus fuscus
Gull, Yellow-legged Gaivota-de-patas-amarelas Larus michahellis
Godwit, Bar-tailed Fuselo Limosa lapponica
Godwit, Black-tailed Milherango Limosa limosa
Linnet Pintarroxo Linaria cannabina
Warbler, Savi's Cigarrinha-ruiva Locustella luscinioides
Warbler, Grasshopper Cigarrinha-malhada Locustella naevia
Tit, Crested Chapim-de-poupa Lophophanes cristatus
Woodlark Cotovia-dos-bosques Lullula arborea
Nightingale, Common Rouxinol-comum Luscinia megarhynchos
Bluethroat Pisco-de-peito-azul Luscinia svecica
Snipe, Jack Narceja-galega Lymnocryptes minimus
Gadwall Frisada Mareca strepera
Scoter, Common Negrola Melanitta nigra
Bee-eater, European Abelharuco Merops apiaster
Kite, Black Milhafre-preto Milvus migrans
Kite, Red Milhafre-real Milvus milvus
Thrush, Blue Rock Melro-azul Monticola solitarius
Gannet, Northern Ganso-patola; Alcatraz Morus bassanus
Wagtail, White Alvéola-branca Motacilla alba
Wagtail, Grey Alvéola-cinzenta Motacilla cinerea
Wagtail, Yellow Alvéola-amarela Motacilla flava
Flycatcher, Spotted Taralhão-cinzento Muscicapa striata
Vulture, Egyptian Britango Neophron percnopterus
Pochard, Red-crested Pato-de-bico-vermelho Netta rufina
Curlew, Eurasian Maçarico-real Numenius arquata
Whimbrel Maçarico-galego Numenius phaeopus
Night-Heron Goraz Nycticorax nycticorax
Storm-petrel, Wilson's Casquilho Oceanites oceanicus
Wheatear, Black-eared Chasco-ruivo Oenanthe hispanica
Wheatear, Northern Chasco-cinzento Oenanthe oenanthe
Oriole, Golden Papa-figos Oriolus oriolus
Osprey Águia-pesqueira Pandion haliaetus
Tit, Great Chapim-real Parus major
Sparrow, House Pardal Passer domesticus
Sparrow, Spanish Pardal-espanhol Passer hispaniolensis
Sparrow, Tree Pardal-montês Passer montanus
Honey-buzzard Butio-vespeiro Pernis apivorus
Sparrow, Rock Pardal-francês Petronia petronia
Shag, European Galheta Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Cormorant, Great Corvo-marinho Phalacrocorax carbo
Phalarope, Grey Falaropo-de-bico-grosso Phalaropus fulicarius
Flamingo, Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Redstart, Black Rabirruivo Phoenicurus ochruros
Redstart, Common Rabirruivo-de-testa-branca Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Warbler, Western Bonelli’s Felosa-de-papo-branco Phylloscopus bonelli
Chiffchaff, Common Felosinha Phylloscopus collybita
Chiffchaff, Iberian Felosinha-ibérica Phylloscopus ibericus
Warbler, Willow Felosa-musical Phylloscopus trochilus
Magpie Pega Pica pica
Woodpecker, Iberian Green Peto-real Picus sharpei
Spoonbill, Eurasian Colhereiro Platalea leucorodia
Ibis, Glossy Íbis-preta Plegadis falcinellus
Weaver, Black-headed Tecelão-de-cabeca-preta Ploceus melanocephalus
Plover, European Golden Tarambola-dourada Pluvialis apricaria
Plover, Grey Tarambola-cinzenta Pluvialis squatarola
Grebe, Great Crested Mergulhão-de-poupa Podiceps cristatus
Grebe, Black-necked Cagarraz Podiceps nigricollis
Swamp-hen, Purple Caimão Porphyrio porphyrio
Accentor, Alpine Ferreirinha-alpina Prunella collaris
Dunnock Ferreirinha-comum Prunella modularis
Martin, Crag Andorinha-das-rochas Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Shearwater, Great Pardela-de-barrete Puffinus gravis
Shearwater, Sooty Pardela-preta Puffinus griseus
Shearwater, Balearic Fura-bucho das Baleares Puffinus mauretanicus
Chough, Red-billed Gralha-de-bico-vermelho Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Bullfinch Dom-fafe Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Rail, Water Frango-d'água Rallus aquaticus
Avocet Alfaiate Recurvirostra avosetta
Firecrest Estrelinha-real Regulus ignicapilla
Martin, Sand Andorinha-das-barreiras Riparia riparia
Kittiwake, Black-legged Gaivota-tridáctila Rissa tridactyla
Whinchat Cartaxo-nortenho Saxicola rubetra
Stonechat, European Cartaxo-comum Saxicola rubicola
Woodcock Galinhola Scolopax rusticola
Serin, European Milheirinha Serinus serinus
Nuthatch, Eurasian Trepadeira-azul Sitta europaea
Shoveler Pato-colhereiro Spatula clypeata
Garganey Marreco Spatula querquedula
Siskin Lugre Spinus spinus
Skua, Arctic Moleiro-pequeno Stercorarius parasiticus
Skua, Pomarine Moleiro do Árctico Stercorarius pomarinus
Skua, Great Alcaide Stercorarius skua
Tern, Common Gaivina Sterna hirundo
Tern, Arctic Gaivina do Árctico Sterna paradisaea
Tern, Little Chilreta Sternula albifrons
Dove, Collared Rola-turca Streptopelia decaocto
Dove, Turtle Rola-brava Streptopelia turtur
Owl, Tawny Coruja-do-mato Strix aluco
Starling, Spotless Estorninho-preto Sturnus unicolor
Starling, Common Estorninho-malhado Sturnus vulgaris
Blackcap Toutinegra-de-barrete Sylvia atricapilla
Warbler, Garden Toutinegra-das-figueiras Sylvia borin
Grebe, Little Mergulhão-pequeno Tachybaptus ruficollis
Shelduck, Common Tadorna Tadorna tadorna
Bustard, Little Sisão Tetrax tetrax
Tern, Sandwich Garajau Thalasseus sandvicensis
Redshank, Spotted Perna-vermelha-bastardo Tringa erythropus
Sandpiper, Wood Maçarico-de-dorso-malhado Tringa glareola
Greenshank Perna-verde-comum Tringa nebularia
Sandpiper, Green Maçarico-bique-bique Tringa ochropus
Redshank, Common Perna-vermelha-comum Tringa totanus
Wren Carriça Troglodytes troglodytes
Redwing Tordo-ruivo Turdus iliacus
Blackbird Melro-preto Turdus merula
Thrush, Song Tordo-pinto Turdus philomelos
Fieldfare Tordo-zornal Turdus pilaris
Ouzel, Ring Melro-de-colar Turdus torquatus
Thrush, Mistle Tordoveia Turdus viscivorus
Owl, Barn Coruja-das-torres Tyto alba
Hoopoe Poupa Upupa epops
Lapwing, Northern Abibe Vanellus vanellus

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We hope that you have found this information helpful. If so we are sure you would also enjoy our books about Algarve wildlife and wildflowers. Buy them online here...

Wild Orchids of the AlgarveAlgarve Wildlife, the natural year, Second Edition